A Glance at Greenland
The Salvation Army opened its work in Greenland in August 2012 under the supervision of the Army's Denmark Territory. Starting the Army's work in Greenland was strongly encouraged by its government, church and community bodies. A Danish officer couple and their two teen sons have taken up residence in Nuuk, the nation's capital.
Greenland is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark. More than 80 percent of the world's largest island (more than three times the size of Texas) is ice capped with a climate ranging from subarctic to arctic. Its 57,695 population is 89 percent Inuit (native people) and 11 percent Danish and other. Major faiths on the island are Lutheran and traditional Inuit spiritual beliefs.
The first visitors to Greenland were the Vikings, who reached the island in the 10th century. Danish colonization began in the 18th century, and Greenland became part of Denmark in 1953. Although it was granted self-government in 1979, Denmark continues to exercise control of Greenland's foreign affairs, security and financial policy in consultation with Greenland's Home Rule government.
Greenland is rich in natural resources, including coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, molybdenum, diamonds, gold, platinum, niobium, tantalite, uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower and possible oil and gas. The design on its flag represents the sun reflecting off a field of ice in the colors of the Danish flag symbolizing Greenland's links to the Kingdom of Denmark.
Flag of Greenland